Cancer is a complex disease characterized by the uncontrolled growth and division of abnormal cells in the body. Traditional cancer treatments such as surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy have played a significant role in combating cancer. However, these treatments often come with substantial side effects and limited effectiveness, especially in advanced stages of the disease. In recent years, the field of immuno-oncology and cancer immunotherapy has emerged as a promising approach to treat cancer by leveraging the body's immune system.

The immune system plays a critical role in identifying and eliminating abnormal cells in the body, including cancer cells. However, cancer cells can develop mechanisms to evade the immune system's surveillance, allowing them to proliferate and form tumors. The goal of Immuno-oncology Drugs and cancer immunotherapy is to enhance the immune response against cancer cells, reactivating the immune system's ability to recognize and destroy them.

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