What is Dal?

Dal has two connotations:

  • The word “dal” means lentil.
  • Another meal made with lentils is dal.

The same legume can be used in various different ways, including whole, split, with the “skin” on, and with the “skin” off, which is an intriguing fact regarding legumes used in Indian cuisine. 

Top 10 Types of dal to have

Almost every Indian home serves dals as comfort food. Additionally, there are favorite ways to prepare them in each of the nation’s regions. You can add different types of dal to soups, stir-fries, or sprouted foods to obtain your daily serving of nutritious protein.

Hear that sound?

In your kitchen or the apartment next door, the pressure cooker whistle is blaring. Any type of dal will definitely be served at dinner, whether it’s sambhar, aamti, dal makhani, or a brand-new moong recipe your mother discovered while watching Khana Khazana.

Before rice and roti were introduced to the Indian thali, dals were a staple of the pre-Harappan diet. As part of celebratory banquets, such as those during the wedding of Chadragupta Maurya and the Greek princess Helen in 303 BC, rudimentary recipes of different types of dals were reportedly offered to guests.

You’ve probably tried different types of dals, including masoor, toor, moong, and urad. But if you’ve only had them prepared one way, according to the regional manner in your area, you’re missing out on some incredible culinary delights from the rest of India. Here are 10 various methods to prepare different types of dal for eating at home or while traveling abroad. Try something new now at Shiva Shakti!

1. Aamti, Maharashtra

Aamti is the staple dish on the daily menu in Maharashtrian homes. It is mildly spicy, mildly sweet, and mildly sour. It is typically prepared with toor dal and seasoned with a specific amti powder (also known as goda masala), mustard seeds, jaggery, and kokam.

Aamti is a dish that can be cooked with a variety of lentils and goes by several names, including Katachi Aamti (made with chana daal), Golyanchi Aamti (fried balls in dal), and Masoor Amti (made with red lentil). Aamti tastes the finest when paired with freshly cooked rice and ghee.

2. Sambhar, South India

In the 17th century, in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu, the Thanjavur Marathas monarch Shahji’s kitchen is where sambhar is thought to have first appeared. Sambhaji, the second emperor of the Maratha kingdom, was Shahji’s guest that day at a feast, therefore he gave it the name “sambhar” in honor of him.

Other accounts place the origin of sambar in Karnataka, where the Kannada word sambaru padartha, which denotes a combination of spices and condiments, is used. The name’s origin, according to a different theory, can be traced to the old Tamil word champu, which means “ground or paste” and was used to describe the process of crushing spices and coconut before dissolving them in tamarind pulp.

3. Dal Makhni, Punjab

This hearty daal dish, also known as “maa ki daal,” comes from the Punjab area of both India and Pakistan. Urad dal or black dal, rajma (kidney beans), butter, and cream are the main components of dal makhani.

Before Partition, dal makhani was a mainstay of the united India. Following Partition, when many Punjabis moved to the northern parts of India, it became increasingly popular. Entrepreneurial Punjabi immigrants who immigrated to Delhi and founded the Moti Mahal restaurant in Daryaganj introduced the cuisine to numerous consumers. One such immigrant is Kundan Lal Gujaral. The dish is now, of course, available in a variety of delectable variations at any highway dhaba if you’re traveling by road in Punjab or Haryana or you can also taste different varieties of dals, you can reach out to one of the best Indian Restaurants “Shiva Shakti”.

4. Thikri ki Dal, Rajasthan, and Hyderabad

One technique is used frequently in this uncommon daal meal, which is prepared using several techniques in both Rajasthan and Hyderabad. A piece of recently burnt clay pot is broken, heated to red hot, and added to the dish in order to extract the earth’s rich, aromatic flavor. The word “Thikri” refers to recently cracked pottery. This recipe consists of either toor or masoor daal.

5. Gujarati Dal, Gujarat

The addition of tasty peanuts enhances the dish’s characteristic masala, toor dal, and vegetable combination to a whole new level for the palate. This dal is a mainstay in all Guajarati homes and is spicy, sweet, and sour. It has a light, thin consistency.

6. Lucknowi Dal, Uttar Pradesh

The biryanis and meat preparations prepared in the “dum pukht” (translates as “to breathe and cook”) style are signature dishes of the nawabs of Awadh. The inspiration that Awadh cuisine draws from a wide range of sources—including seasons and holidays, flora and fauna, people, poetry, and color—is one of its most intriguing features. So it seems to reason that when prepared in the country of the nawabs, the modest dal would take on a shahi or regal flavor. To give it that special touch, the folks of Lucknow boil the dal in milk.

7. Panchmel or Panchratna Dal, pan-India

When did this tomato-free, flavorful blend of five different lentils debut on the Indian food scene? It appears that Kunti and Draupadi created this dal, which is first mentioned in the Mahabharata, to meet the nutritional demands of the Pandavas during their years of exile. East Indian folklore attributes the creation of this meal to Bhim, who was hiding away in King Virat’s kitchen as a cook.

After Jodhabai married Akbar, this dal is said to have been introduced to Mughal cooks. By the time of the medieval eras, it was well-known in the Mewar gharana of Rajasthan. Apart from the use of five different lentils, it’s the ghee-tempered spices that give panchmel daal its pleasant smoky flavor. When Shah Jehan ascended to the throne, the court developed its own recipe for Shahi Panchmel Dal since the meal was so well-liked by the Mughal aristocracy. Aurangzeb, a staunch vegetarian, frequently demanded it and preferred it to the roast meat dishes that his brothers preferred.

Panchmel dal is currently available in India in approximately 9 different variants.

8. Dalma, Orissa

In Odia houses, dalma is a straightforward dish. This soup-like meal, which blends toor dal with potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant, pumpkin, and other vegetables, is a wonderful side dish for rice. It could be challenging to find the raw papaya and banana that are necessary for the traditional recipe at city supermarkets. Dry chili powder and roasted cumin are necessary ingredients.

9. Tomato Pappu, Andhra Pradesh

In Andhra cuisine, pappu, which translates to “cooked lentils,” holds a particularly important place. Pappu, whether it be simply boiled lentils straight from the pressure cooker or a more complex preparation, is an essential part of any household dinner in this state. A simpleton, or more specifically, “one who does not know beyond his pappu,” is referred to as “pappu sudi” in informal Telugu.

Although this tomato and lentil meal is modest, it is by no means boring. Andhra is famed for its spicy food.

10. Daal Gosht, Hyderabad and Lucknow

This non-vegetarian dish is a combination of Muslim and Hindu cuisines and is sometimes referred to as Mutton Dalcha. Even though it is well known that Vedic Indians cooked meat, the average Indian before the arrival of the Muslims did not eat this way of life due to the prevalence of animal sacrifice and grilling among Hindu kings. The cuisine culture of India was altered by the arrival of food influences from Turkey, Afghanistan, and Central Asia during the Islamic invasions. Given their nomadic heritage and the desert environment of their home country, the Mongols in particular were accustomed to grilled meats that were prepared quickly and food that was prepared with very little water.

Due to the cohabitation of these two very different cultures, a fusion dish called “Mughlai” was created. Dal gosht is an illustration of the intricate blending of cultures that has influenced this cuisine.

Unique Advantages of Chana Dal:

  • Due to its low cholesterol content, chana dal is extremely good for diabetics and heart sufferers.
  • Consuming chana dal is highly useful for persons with anemia, jaundice, and constipation.

If you want any information related to dal, you can visit the Shiva Shakti website and you can also taste different varieties of dals at best Indian Restaurants “Shiva Shakti”.