C is one of the oldest programming languages that cannot be replaced because it sits at the heart of every machine. In the twenty-first century, where languages like Java and Python rule the market, you should not be concerned about how relevant the C programming language is. If you are still unsure, read this tutorial "Advantages and Disadvantages of C" to learn how powerful the C language is. Everything, after all, has inherent strengths and limitations.


So, let us begin our review of C's benefits and drawbacks.


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C Programming Language Advantages 


1. A building block for many different programming languages


If you are just getting started with programming, C is considered the most essential language to learn. Many computer languages, including Python, C++, and Java, are based on the C language's foundation.


1.2. Effective and powerful language


C is a strong language with many data types and operators that provide a broad platform for performing various tasks.


Take a moment and learn about the various data types in C.


1.3. Language portability


C is incredibly versatile, or machine independent, which allows you to run your code on any system without making any or only minor changes to the code.


1.4. Pre-installed functionality


ANSI C has only 32 keywords but several built-in functions. These functions are useful while writing C code.


1.5. Capability to expand itself


C's ability to extend itself is also critical. We've seen how the C language has its own set of functions in the C library. As a result, using these functions becomes simple. We can simplify code by adding our own functions to the C Standard Library.


1.6. C is a structure-based programming language


It denotes the division of issues or complex difficulties into smaller pieces or functions. This modular form facilitates and simplifies testing and maintenance.


1.7. Intermediate language


C is a middle-level programming language, which implies it can do both high-level and low-level programming. It allows for the usage of kernels and drivers in low-level programming as well as system software applications in high-level programming.


C Programming Language Drawbacks


We've already explored the benefits of C.


You might be wondering why we don't approach the language realistically and study the theoretical element in each tutorial. It is because if you grasp the basic features of the language as well as the techniques or operation of the programming language, you will be able to determine whether or not this language is appropriate for your job.


You can also grasp the flow of any programme if you have a fundamental understanding of the C language.


So, let us now look at the limits of the C programming language-


1. OOPs Concept


C is a powerful programming language, but it does not support the concept of OOPs (Inheritance, Polymorphism, Encapsulation, Abstraction, Data Hiding). C merely adheres to the procedural programming paradigm.


2. Checking at runtime


Errors or flaws are not discovered after each line of code in the C programming language. Instead, after writing the programme, the compiler displays all mistakes. It makes code checking in large programmes extremely difficult.


3. Namespace concept


The concept of namespaces is not supported by C. A namespace is organised as a series of instructions that allow names to be reused in multiple situations. We can't declare two variables with the same name without namespaces.


However, C programming lacks this capability, therefore you cannot define two variables with the same name in C.


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4. Inadequate Exception Handling


Exception handling is a critical aspect of programming languages. Anomalies and problems can emerge during compiling the code. Exception Handling helps you to detect errors and respond appropriately. C, on the other hand, lacks this critical property.


5. No function Object() { [native code] } or destructor C has no function Object() { [native code] } or destructor


Constructors and Destructors provide support for fundamental Object Oriented Programming features. Both are member functions that are created when a class object is formed. Later on, you will go through function Object() { [native code] } and destructor in depth.