Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are the ailments primarily spread through sexual contact. Individuals suffering from these diseases require prompt treatment to prevent transmitting the infections to others. Various STDs lead to potential problems and thus should be managed in different ways.
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STDs are characterized by numerous symptoms like vaginal discharge (Trichomonas vaginitis and Neisseria gonorrhea), urethral discharge (Neisseria gonorrhea and Chlamydia trachomatis), and genital warts (Human papillomavirus). Others symptoms include genital ulcer diseases (Hemophilus Ducrey and Treponema pallidum) and lower abdominal pain (potential complications resulting from Bacterial Vaginosis, Neisseria gonorrhea, and Chlamydia trachomatis infection). What is more, HIV infection is also passed through sexual contact, since STDs cause redness and inflammation in the affected area in such a way increasing the chances of HIV transmission. As for other symptoms, STDs can result in painful urination (dysuria) and pain during sexual intercourse (Dyspareunia).
If patients do not receive prompt treatment, these diseases are likely to further cause such problems as lower abdominal pain in women due to the pelvic inflammatory disease, Ophthalmia neonatorum in newborns, and auto-amputation of penis in men.
In order to perform holistic management using evidence-based practice, I would conduct syndromic diagnosis to get information from physical examination, patient history, and lab test results. Evidently, treatment only is not sufficient, so prevention strategies play a vital role in managing STDs. In this regards, I would integrate evidence-based practice into my management from the current guidelines by insisting on the four strategies. They will include the use of a condom for prevention, the compliance with medication to prevent sequelae in case the client is on treatment, tracing sexual activities, and finally, counseling the couple or sexually active individuals regarding the need to abstain until the treatment is over, or to use protection as a precautionary measure.
Generally, sexually transmitted infections occur as a result of sexual intercourse and can lead to other complications. Therefore, health care providers should initiate the treatment as early as early to prevent possible problems occurrence. However, the treatment may not be enough, so prevention strategies should be integrated as well.